MUSIC AND THE BRAIN
The Impact of Music on Children – A workshop presented by Julie Wylie, in association with Kiwi Kids Music, hosted by Tūranga on 23 February 2019.
The Neuroscience of Singing
In this clip, Nathan Wallis discusses the many benefits of singing to babies.
A TED Talk by Richard Gill – “The Value of Music Education”
A TED Talk by Anita Collins – “What if Every Child had Access to Music Education from Birth?”
When one to three day old babies were hooked up to MRI machines, the neuroscientists found they “were using their music processing networks to understand their mothers’ voices. Literally they were hearing music in their mothers’ voices…At birth we need our music processing to understand language. At birth we are musical”.
“Music and the Brain” – An article from the Temporal Dynamics of Learning Center
“The Neuroscience of Musical Play” by Julie Wylie
Our work in Musical Play is based on our experience and understanding of neurological development. Dr Bruce Perry’s Neurosequential Model below shows how the brain is hierarchically organised from the bottom to the top.
“The Impact of Actively Making Music on The Intellectual, Social and Personal Development of Children and Young People” by Susan Hallam
“The Love of Special Companions and the Importance of Play: What is Being Human and How Can It Thrive” by Professor Colwyn Trevarthen, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh.
This article by Miriam McCaleb about brain development in babies includes some lovely “ideas for being with baby”. Of course, singing is one of them!
“How Brains are Built: The Core Story of Brain Development” – Singing, and playing simple games like peek-a-boo, are wonderful ways to enjoy the “serve and return” interactions that help young children to thrive. Musical Play is a fabulous way to build strong brain architecture!
“The Process of Serve and Return” – An interview with Professor Phil Fisher, an expert in children’s neurobiological and psychological development.
Music, the Brain and Wellbeing
Sound Arts, The Menza Magazine
Pages 13, 14, Volume 3, Number 1, February 2007
A TED talk by Annie Murphy Paul – “What We Learn Before We’re Born”
“The Benefits of Singing to Babies” – An interview with Dr Shannon de L’Etoile, Professor of Music Therapy at the University of Miami.
“Singing ‘speeds up’ recovery from post-natal depression”Music is a language of the emotions that facilitates connection and bonding between parent and child. A study of mothers with post-natal depression, published in the British Journal of Psychiatry, has found “that women who took part in group singing sessions with their babies experienced a much faster improvement in their symptoms than those who did not.
“How you Talk to your Child Changes their Brain” by Sophie Hardach, World Economic Forum – A key ingredient in Musical Play is relationship based turn taking in conversations between parent and child, with much use of facial expression, eye contact and interest in what the child has to sing or say, helping them to feel confident and valued as a communicator from birth.
“Music with 0-4: Just Fun, Music Education or Even More?” by Margré van Gestel, Music pedagogue and Specialist Infant Mental Health, the Netherlands, and ISME Board member
“Music Lessons Were the Best Thing Your Parents Ever Did for You, According to Science” by Tom Barnes
CHILD DEVELOPMENT – THE FIRST 1000 DAYS
Tim Moore and the team at Murdoch Children’s Research Institute have published a new paper on the factors that affect development during the first 1000 days (the period from conception to the end of the second year of life), how they impact, and the long-term effects of early exposures and experiences. The full version can be downloaded from http://www.rch.org.au/uploadedFiles/Main/Content/ccchdev/CCCH-The-First-Thousand-Days-An-Evidence-Paper-September-2017.pdf, and the summary version from http://www.rch.org.au/uploadedFiles/Main/Content/ccchdev/CCCH-The-First-Thousand-Days-An-Evidence-Paper-Summary-September-2017.pdf
Nathan Wallis: Brain Development in the First Three Years of Life
EDUCATION AND LEARNING
Nathan Wallis: What 3 – 7 Year Olds Need to Learn
“Why Your Child Can’t Write His Name Yet” – The Anonymous OT
“Musical Play with Babies and Young Children”
MANZ Magazine April 15th 2015
Creativity Begins in the Cradle
Sound Arts, The Menza Magazine. Making Education Through Music.
Page 13, Volume 1, Number 3, October 2006
The Universality of Musical Play
Music for Infants and Toddlers
The First Years: Nga Tau Tuatahi. New Zealand Journal of Infant and Toddler Education.
Page 10, Volume 6, Issue 1 2004
Spontaneous Singing and Young Children’s Musical Agency – Dr Bronya Dean, University of Exeter
Steven Johnson: How play leads to great inventions
Biography of ISME Member Sheila Woodward
Why Establish Musical Parenting
Sound Ideas July/August 1999 Volume 3 no.1 pages 21-26 also a new addition.
A Finnish book, with a chapter written by Julie Wylie. Published in Finland.
SPECIAL EDUCATION / MUSICAL PLAY AS THERAPY
This article by Stuart Shanker explores how children would be better served if we replaced “oppositional” with “anxious”, “defiant” with “hyperaroused”, “willful” with “maladaptive”, and “disorder” with “dysregulated stress cycle”, when a child has “ticked the boxes” for a diagnosis of ODD.
The Self-Reg View on Diagnosing Oppositional Defiant Disorder
For ideas and information about using musical play in a therapeutic setting, click the link below:
Champion Centre Group Music 31 July 2018
This film clip includes beautiful footage of children drawing, dancing and interacting as they listen to Baroque music, such as Vivaldi’s Four Seasons. As the narrator on the film clip says, “Neuroscience research suggests Baroque music slows down the heart beat and tunes the brain to the alpha state, where both halves of the brain are accessed equally. Regular exposure to Baroque music can positively affect development of the brain.”
Musical Play as Therapy in an Early Intervention Programme
Julie Wylie & Susan Foster-Cohen
Approaches: Music Therapy & Special Music Education 2013
“Music, music therapy, musical play and the role of music in the lives of children and adults with Down syndrome”
“My son’s Down’s syndrome does not define him”
Building Bridges through Music
Sound Ideas Nurturing through Music April 2000 Volume 3 no.3 pages 12-14
Music is the Key
Sound Ideas, November 1998 Volume 2 no.2 pages42-45
‘Sensory Processing Issues Explained’
Child Mind Institute (Author: Beth Arky)
Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorders:
“Cognitive Abilities: A different way of thinking and learning profile; and Managing Challenging Behaviour in Children with Autism.” Dr Tony Attwood.
MUSIC AND LANGUAGE
“Music and Movement – Instrumental in Language Development”
Early Childhood News
The Importance of Prenatal Sound and Music
“The Importance of Keeping a Beat: Researchers Link Ability to Keep a Beat to Reading, Language Skills”
CALMING AND REGULATION
Babies and young children are most responsive to their parents’ voices, so when parents get a feel for slow, soothing resting heart beat rhythm, they can sing in a soft, soothing voice and gently rock their child to sleep, using deep pressure stroking. Using a song in 3/4 time, such as “Row, Row, Row Your Boat” and changing the words to “ Rock, rock, rock with me, gently side to side, rock with me, rock with me, gently side to side” really helps, especially if you keep repeating the song. See more at http://juliewyliemusic.com/deep-pressure-touch-stimulation-and-calming-songs/
“Music For Dreaming”(email firstname.lastname@example.org) is a brilliant sleep recording by the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra set at a 3/4 regular heart beat rhythm. This is the traditional time signature for lullabies. It was developed by Cherie Ross, a Psychologist in Melbourne. Calming nursery rhymes and lullabies are played in a seamless, constant flow of music, which calms and regulates the lower brain.
Julie Wylie’s “Rock A Bye Blues” CD features beautiful traditional and original lullabies starting from a higher arousal level, going down to calm settling songs, which is great for matching children’s energy levels.
Clinical Psychologist Clare Tatterson specialises in child development and behaviour. For further information go to her website: www.claretatterson.co.nz.